Framework of the Toolkit


Process-oriented approach

  • The recommended accessibility practices in this Toolkit basically follow the temporal sequence of creating digital educational materials and delivering a course. The stages broadly include:
    • Designing the content and adjusting the presentation > Exporting and disseminating the materials > Using and interacting with the materials.
    • Pre-class preparation > At the beginning of class > In-class activities > After-class follow-up.
  • This process-oriented approach aims to facilitate more user-oriented and stage-wise planning to make accessibility an inherent part of the creation and delivery processes.

Ecological approach

  • The Toolkit covers different factors that cut across different ecological levels such as the cultural, community, environmental, language, interpersonal, and/or, technological levels for more effective co-creation of accessible virtual teaching and learning in university education.

Elements of accessible virtual teaching and learning